Michael Kleine is a professional forester and holds Masters, Doctoral (Dr. rer.nat. techn.) and Habilitation (Univ. Doz.) degrees from the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria. Since 1985 he has been working as consultant in international development cooperation for GIZ/Germany, FAO, European Commission and others, in long- and short-term assignments in developing countries, mostly in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa. His work has revolved around sustainable forest management of natural forests and timber plantations (forest and land use planning; growth and yield modelling; silviculture, forest certification, carbon accounting), forest organization, and forest policy. After moving back to Austria in 1998 he has continued his work in developing countries through advisory services and capacity development particularly in science-policy interactions, forest management planning and field training in forest resources assessments, silviculture operations and strategic planning for sustainable forestry. Michael is currently the Deputy Executive Director at the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) and based at IUFRO Headquarters in Vienna, Austria.