Mangrove ecosystems are threatened by climate change. We review the state of knowledge of mangrove vulnerability and responses to predicted climate change and consider adaptation options, of all the climate change outcomes, relative sea-level rise may be the greatest threat to mangroves. Most mangrove sediment surface elevations are not keeping pace with sea-level rise, although longer term studies from a larger number of regions are needed. Rising Sea-level will have the greatest impact on mangroves experiencing net lowering in sediment elevation. Where there is limited area for landward migration. The Indian Oscan Pichavaram mangroves have been demonstrated to be at high risk substantial reductions. There is less certainty over other climate change outcomes and mangrove responses. More research is needed on assessment methods and standard indicators of change in response to effects from climate change, while regional monitoring networks are needed to observe these responses to enable educated adaptation measures can off set anticipates mangroves losses and improve resistance and resilience to climate change. Coastal planning can adapt to facilitate mangrove migration with India Sea-level rise. Management of activities within the catchments that affect long-term trends in the mangrove sediment elevation. Better management of other stressors on mangroves, rehabilitation of degraded mangrove areas, and increases in systems of strategically designed protected area networks that include mangroves and functionally linked ecosystems through representation.
Major earthquake and tsunami in India 2004. Cuddalore District 54 coastal villages highly damages and loss of death. But Pichavaram mangroves arounding 12 villages safe card
Propagating the impact of pollution to the Eco system in general restoring the ponds, lakes and desalting them is carried out. Due to SIPCOT chemical industries the pollution is wide spread Hence we insisted upon to treatment of effluents and put it in the deep sea. So that the livelihood of Fisherman community do not suffer.
I am hailing from a coastal village called thigavalli 22 km away from cuddalore the district HQS Fishing and agricultural are the two livelihood activities. “Uppanar” is the river flowing there. Therefore the chances of Sea erosion, soil erosion are quite common during floods and cyclone. To to protect the people from loss of property and life “Aalamaram” has undertaken the project of planting “Mangroves” is the coastal belt and river beds. It is a continuo’s process. There is no end to it.
The “ Sipcot” Cuddalore is itself a threat to the Eco System, Because all the companies have Started chemical industries in this region. Their untreated effluents are a threat to the living species both on land and water,
Pumping out of water lead to water depletion and intrusion of sea water. Hence it is a threat to the living being cultivable lands are becoming barren lands.
If the same threat continues the coastal habitants will be compelled to move out of their respective villages. There are about 10 villages like that. Hence to save the life of the ignorant people I have taken this as an issue.
The livelihood of the people are fishing and agricultural activities. They are Ignorant of the impact of harmful chemical plants and the gas they produce. Already people as suffering from skin diseases and lung problems.
Apart from that by eating fish the people are attacked by the intoxicants. Hence their lives are to be protected. The future of India in youth.
They should be made aware of the existing problem and low best they can contribute to save the planet from it dangers. It is a team work. So the youth of the world should unite to salve problem of coastal degradation.
The enhanced conservation and restoration of mangroves and its associated sequestration of atmospheric carbon, contributes to mitigating global warming thereby benefiting the entire planet.