Latin America and the Caribbean have taken important steps to respond to climate change. Countries such as Brazil, Mexico, Peru, and Colombia have made important agreements to reduce their carbon emissions. Between 1990 and 2012, deforestation in some countries decreased, such as Brazil and Mexico. Thereby, these countries have reduced the relative contribution of the forestry sector to overall emissions in the region.
Other countries such as Costa Rica, Uruguay, Nicaragua, and Chile are taking advantage of the potential of renewable energy and gradually reducing the contribution of fossil fuels to their energy network.